Posts Tagged ‘Web 2.0’

something to write about

Indeed, something about which to write has manifested itself…

The return flights from Florida were peppered with people wearing surgical masks, and made my wife and I wonder what the deal was. Only after we actually got back did we find out about the swine flu spreading north from Mexico into the US and Canada…this lack of awareness was self imposed – the week-long visit served as a hiatus from the internet & television. Anyway, this is related to something Google has been working on for a little while now. To say, “everyone knows about Google” is a fairly safe statement at this point. Technically untrue, of course, depending on the definition of ‘everyone,’ but for a moment, let’s assume a collective familiarity with both Google and the plethora of features Google has. One of these features is a flu tracker. I’m not sure if it’s technically a Web 2.0 tech or not, since keeping track of users’ search terms isn’t exactly collaborating…more like spying. In any event, the argument is now being presented that this could have been used in the earlier detection and suppression of the current swine flu outbreak. Currently classified as a ‘widespread human infection’ by the World Health Organization, I think that ‘everyone’ can agree that the sooner the number of infected people starts going down, rather than up, the better.

One question that comes from this is about Google’s responsibility to look for something like a budding pandemic. Employing the Spider-Man philosophy, Google should call the CDC and give them a heads up that everyone is becoming as sick as a pig. But isn’t that why we have the CDC anyway? To know that? Google’s problem is that they’ve been so successful with just about everything they do that now, people (me) tend to rely on and expect great things from them.


web 2.0 – lib 2.0

The topics that have been covered thus far in the blog (remember, if anyone new to blogs is reading this, ‘written first, read last’) have been but a few examples of ‘2.0’ technology. Collaboration, sharing, user participation and feedback are all components of Web 2.0 thinking. Applied to libraries, this thinking is intuitively referred to as Library 2.0.

As I mentioned at the end of the Virtual Reference post, the web has changed so much already in its lifespan, there is almost no way we can even guess at where it’ll be 10 years from now (or even less than that). Tim Berners-Lee will be one of the first to say that the web is nowhere near mature…Web 2.0, a big, big deal right now, will eventually be talked about in the past tense.

So what does that mean right now?

What does that mean for libraries and the people who work in them?

That question was asked 2 years ago (I’m sure it’s been asked many times, far more recently than that) on, but the answers weren’t particularly penetrating. Trying now to predict our own future will do us little good, with all of the advancement that we’re facing. If we could see where the web, and even our jobs, would be taking us, we wouldn’t know what to do with it.

What will likely be the most constructive course of action will be learning as much as possible from as many sources as possible. Thomas Friedman’s book The World is Flat draws on 10 Flatteners, of which five are technological. Though largely economic, his book draws the same conclusion about what is to be done…adaptation will the key.

Adapting to 2.0 technology has been the goal of the library for this first decade of the ‘new’ millennium. And for the most part, it has been working. Libraries are bringing automatic book-sorting machines to do what a library assistant use to do, but at the same time, librarians are expanding their roles at an unprecedented rate. In 1964, Ellinor G. Preston wrote the following:

The librarian, that is the person who has been trained in the evaluation, selection and organization primarily of books, has a greatly expanded role in a facility offering not only books, but a great variety of materials. He must then be ready to accept this new role and contribute his skills to the efficient organization of all materials.

It was clear then, to Ellinor G. Preston, that the future was murky at best. More preparatory than cautionary, the message is the same: adapt.  While the exact duties to come were unknown, the role would be distinct, and crucial.

As I look at libraries where I grew up and worked, I know that the future may be hard for them. Especially the library in my hometown…only a few thousand people in the combined towns that share the library, many of whom don’t support the library as it is. In the face of changing technology as well as a foundering economy, libraries have a tough row to hoe…a long book to write…a…

…a need for capable, and (once more for good measure) adaptable employees and patrons alike. Or else I just might change the name of this blog to the underbooked librarian.

Virtual Reference

This post will focus on messages of the instant persuasion. Often referred to as Virtual Reference, chatting programs are marketed as away to connect directly and immediately with a reference librarian. The service is based on the premise of convenience…the ability to chat from your own home – in your bathrobe! And slippers! I thought about putting a link to the Snuggie website here, but I didn’t want to get too far off topic. Just believe me when I say, the idea of chatting with librarian is supposed to make reference as convenient as a corner produce stand in downtown Vancouver.

The program with which I’ve had the most interaction in this field has been askaway, where you get to talk to “Real people.” And you receive “Real help.” Or so they say…I’ve used the service several times though, and have no complaints.

I’ve asked away to two different libraries, Vancouver Public Library and UBC’s library system, and like I said, the experiences were positive. The first time, I signed in to ask a librarian at Koerner Library for assistance in locating some DVD’s for my viewing pleasure. While the exchange went well enough, there were not many results that worked for that particular situation. More recently (about a week and a half ago as of this writing), I engaged VPL Central to assist in a search for government documents. In this case the both the exchange and the results were favorable. As we were chatting, the librarian sent me a list of links (and I didn’t have to write anything down) to browse; I found useful and usable information very quickly.

Apparently, having taken part in this particular mode of communication, both myself and the librarians with whom I was conversing are, as the kids say, “hip.” So Marshall Breeding would have us believe anyway…he labels instant messaging as such.

Not wanting to get left behind, Green River Community College’s Holman Library became hip this past summer, announcing the addition of virtual reference to their services. This has been a common theme in the past few years. In 2006, a statewide website was launched in Pennsylvania called Ask Here PA that now covers nearly 60 libraries in the state.

Considering the success I’ve had with virtual reference, it’s hard to imagine any true disconnects that others may have had. That would be the problem that I would suggest to be the worst-case scenario – being disconnected. This post quotes several users who feel similarly to the way I do…the convenience is appreciated, even when the results may lack.

Following the rules of responsible blogging (which may or may not exist…I’ll google it sometime), I will admit to the existence of naysayers, and even post a link here. This post is from 2005, but the points made by the author are not wholly unreasonable or outdated. The author feels as though virtual reference is not in the best interest of the patron, nor is it the best medium through which the library can accurately connect with their patrons. He says that we lose our sense of “community” and replace it with an insecure conversation with a person who may not even be affiliated with our local libraries.

The American Library Association (ALA) tells us that Virtual Reference has been around for some time, having gotten its start in 1995 with the Internet Public Library. It is relatively recent, however, that instantaneous chat has been the primary means of communicating. The initial service was based on email, and still has the potential to be helpful (just…not really). On the Library of Congress webpage, most of the reference question are still set up to be answered by email. Email suffers when compared to chat based on the time it takes to communicate. Email is, by nature, a slower medium, with more of an emphasis placed on composition instead of instant transmission.

If ever there was an attempt by libraries to engage their users, this would likely be it. Reaching out to the homes of patrons via the internet allows for quick reference help on a wide range of topics. As the technology available continues to develop, the process will be smoothed out. The next generation of library users will likely be comfortable with a concept that was developed only 14 years ago.

Social Networking

It’s not what you know, it’s who you know…

…or so we’ve all heard. In some businesses, networking is crucial. So, given the popularity of social networking sites, how do organizations (meaning, of course, libraries in this case) fit into these sites? Facebook, MySpace and Twitter are commonly cited as examples of these sites, and libraries approach them differently. I’ve linked to their respective pages on wikipedia for informative purposes.

This issue that been discussed time and time again in many different settings, and the likelihood of any new ideas being developed here is fairly low. That said, there is a lot that could stand to be written again, so we’ll look at some of the more important points of the issues.

Though it is unlikely that [insert library name here] would be tagged in pictures of rowdy parties, thus harming its chances for future employment, the integrity of the library must be carefully protected. This doesn’t mean libraries should avoid these communities, just that they should take care to interact with them tastefully. As Lankes, Silverstein, Nicholson and Marshall put it, “Skillful use of identity management will help libraries avoid the baggage of MySpace and Facebook.”

The perceived advantage of these sites is the attraction of younger patrons to the physical library. Some libraries create profiles to link to patrons, and use this as a way of connecting to users. Other libraries will designate specific computer stations for accessing these sites. This article features three libraries that saw some varied results. One library was forced to ban the sites in question from their computers, while two others created profiles of their own and did in fact connect with users.

The library at the University of Alberta took a unique approach by creating a Facebook Application as opposed to a normal profile. This allows their library catalog to be searched from within Facebook, but users must be deliberate about adding the Application. Because the set-up of Facebook allows for a fair amount of customization for individual profiles, this really isn’t a hindrance.

Facebook also serves those who want to be involved but may be unaffiliated with a particular library at a given time:screenshot_lib_2_0_facebook

As it says, the group is intended for the discussion of Library 2.0 concepts and services. This group stands alone from any library, and yet serves the interests of anyone involved with a library.

Twitter, another example of Web 2.0 technology, is being increasingly used by libraries and those in the library community, and for many of the same reasons people supported blogs in the first place:

There are many reasons why libraries should incorporate Twitter into their social networking portfolio: it’s quick, easy, free, creates community, expands the reach of the library, makes the library more accessible, and is great for public relations.

There are those arguing for libraries to choose Twitter over a conventional blog (if blogs have been around long enough to be conventional).

On the evolution of social webbing, we can read about how the use of emails gave way to the creation of websites is giving way to the networking on Facebook and Twitter. If you’re still not convinced, this ‘librarian consultant‘ (which sounds like job title I would come up with) will tell you why libraries should network socially.

In a nutshell, most people end up arguing for inevitability, which can be hard to counter. Something along the lines of, “it’s going to happen because everything that’s already happened is leading to it.” It in this case being the adoption of many types of social networking utilities…some that we don’t even know of yet.

Collaborative Technology: wikis

In the past week of my life/this semester, several assignments and projects have been due for my courses here at SLAIS. Two of these assignments were unique from the others, in the sense that they were group projects. Though the assignments were from two different courses, myself and three of my classmates formed one group to work on both projects.

Throughout the semester, we met on several occasions to work together, though we also relied on the web. Specifically, we used Google Docs and These are only two examples of collaborative technology, but serve as a good introduction to the idea. The concept of collaborative technology is the key tenet of what is referred to as Web 2.0.

Web 2.0 is essentially the second generation of the WWW. With, as mentioned above, a focus on collaboration and community-developed ideas, it is represented by sites like Google Docs and pbwiki. What the internet in general has done for businesses in terms of advertising, and subsequently the generating of revenue, Web 2.0 can do for groups and organizations that thrive on the discussion and dissemination of ideas. Indeed, since the concept of Web 2.0 was developed, or more accurately, identified, there has been almost no end to the settings in which it has been applied.

One of the most frequently used applications of Web 2.0 ideals, is where most web users turn for their definitions, wikipedia. This is by far the most commonly used and the best example of a wiki on the net. Wikis are web pages that can be edited by almost anyone, provided a user has an account with the site.

Libraries have been exploring this option in depth, using wikis to make themselves available and announce programs or events to users on the internet. This is about library wikis…in it’s own words:

LibraryWikis is a wiki about wikis used in libraries. It is a place for learning about and sharing examples of library wikis. The wiki is a companion to a research article published within the September 2007 issue of Information Technology and Libraries.

An example of an actual library wiki is the Bull Run Library wiki. The library uses the site primarily for the posting of upcoming events, but has several other resources available. There are links available for the library system of which they are a part, the library catalog, and then several other program schedules as well.

logo used on the Bull Run Library wiki

logo used on the Bull Run Library wiki

From Ohio University, we have the Ohio University Libraries Biz Wiki, which, as the welcome video tells us, is to, “promote business research tools.” This wiki stands alone from the main page of the Ohio University Libraries page, but enables users to search a specific topic.

Wikis are an effective tool, yet fairly low-tech to create. Because of their prevalence on the web, there are many free sites available, and thus they are easily generated and maintained by libraries. Best of all, any user who has the internet available to them is automatically connected to the library.


As the title implies, this post is about blogs. I will restrain myself from waxing philosophical about the discussion of blogs in a blog…

Like wikis, blogs offer libraries an outlet for announcing news and events. Practically speaking, the major difference between the two is temporal. Wikis are dynamic, and may have entirely different content from one day to the next. This allows for the old, outdated information to be cleared out and replaced by current news.

By contrast, blogs are more static, and store old posts (unless deleted by the author).  This is not detrimental to the delivery of new information by any means, and it can be helpful to have a record of old posts. Some people see the merits of both, and desire to merge the two. From Amanda Etches-Johnson, we have an extensive (and growing) list of library blogs this wiki.

In most cases, having either a blog or a website/wiki is enough by itself, and it is not necessary to have both. At times, even having just one will still result in eventual neglect. This blog is a good example of informative posts, but also of a ‘former’ blog (my term) that hasn’t been updated in some time.

This is not to say that blogs fall into disrepair after their initial inception; a well maintained blog that addresses the needs of its community will certainly be highly valuable. The Regina Public Library is far more dedicated to blogging. Users of this site are offered reviews and announcements on twelve (count ’em!) different blogs, each of a different topic. Movies, fiction, graphic novels, business are a few of the topics, updated several times a month.

In southeastern Pennsylvania, the Free Library of Philadelphia also has a blog, but this one is for the library as a whole. Instead of having separate pages, as does the RPL, the site is centralized, and lists upcoming events on the initial page.

In any event, a well developed and maintained blog can be extremely useful to a library. And, as we’re told on this page:

Librarians have taken to blogs like ducks to water…

…since everyone else in the discipline is apparently flocking to the blog-realm, I’m glad to be here now. Thankfully, there are many free blogging sites, otherwise I would have had to put it on my bill.